Horse Tower bronze

8" x 3" x 2"

bronze 2013

These studies in clay were bronzed as miniatures of larger pieces I carved in travertine.  (insert page)

Towers are a common architectural element in Italy.  They date back centuries in cities and villages where they were used to protect from invaders or to ring bells on church towers to summon the worshipers.  These pieces were my attempt to use an architectural form for the base of the sculpture and invent something other than a flat base.